Hubert Birner, Ph.D. has served as the Chairman of our board of directors since 2005 and a member of our board of directors since 2001. Dr. Birner joined the Munich office of TVM Capital, a venture capital firm and affiliate of Argos, as an investment manager in 2000 and currently serves as the Managing Partner of the firm. From 1998 to 2000, Dr. Birner served as head of European business development and director of marketing for Germany at Zeneca Agrochemicals, a biopharmaceutical company. Prior to joining Zeneca Agrochemicals, Dr. Birner served as a management consultant in McKinsey & Company's European healthcare and pharmaceutical practice. Dr. Birner currently serves on the board of directors of Proteon Therapeutics, Inc. and SpePharm Holdings BV. Dr. Birner previously served on the board of directors of Horizon Pharma, Inc., Bioxell SA, Evotec AG and Jerini AG. Dr. Birner received an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School and a doctorate in biochemistry from Ludwig-Maximilians University in Munich, Germany. His doctoral thesis was honored with the Hoffmann-La Roche prize for outstanding basic research in metabolic diseases.
Robert Carey has been a member of the board of directors since September 2015. Mr. Carey is Executive Vice President and Chief Business officer at Horizon Pharma plc. From 2003 to 2014, Mr. Carey was Managing Director and head of healthcare investment banking at JMP Securities LLC. Prior to that, Mr. Carey held various senior positions at several investment banking firms, including Dresdner Kleinwort Wasserstein, Inc., Prudential Securities Incorporated, Vector Securities International, Inc., and Shearson Lehman Hutton Inc. He has served as an advisor on greater than $15 billion in financings, as well as numerous mergers and acquisitions. He is a member of the board of directors for Red Hen Corporation, Hawthorne Race Course, Inc., and Suburban Downs, Inc. He is also a former member of the board of directors for the Illinois Biotechnology Industry Organization (iBIO). Mr. Carey holds a BBA in accounting from the University of Notre Dame.
Jeffrey D. Abbey has served as our President and Chief Executive Officer and a member of our board of directors since February 2010. Mr. Abbey served in various other positions at our company from September 2002 to February 2010, including as our Vice President of Business Development from February 2004 to January 2009 and as our Chief Business Officer from January 2009 to February 2010. Prior to joining us, Mr. Abbey served as Vice President of Business Development and Finance at Internet Appliance Network, an information technology company, from 1999 to 2001. Mr. Abbey was a partner at Eilenberg and Krause, LLP, a corporate law firm, from 1994 to 1999. Mr. Abbey received an A.B. in mathematical economics from Brown University and an M.B.A. and J.D. from the University of Virginia.
Igor Krol has been a member of the board of directors since June 2016. Mr. Krol is currently CEO of Veset International Ltd. (Veset), a technology start-up focused on bringing innovative cloud technologies to media and broadcasting industry. Prior to joining Veset, Mr. Krol spent several years in investment banking at Sberbank CIB and Citigroup Investment Banking. During his time at Citigroup, Mr. Krol worked with a broad range of global and emerging markets clients focusing on M&A and capital markets deal origination and execution including the initial public offering for Pharmstandard, the leading Russian pharmaceutical company. Mr. Krol still maintains an advisory role with Pharmstandard. Prior to those roles, Mr. Krol worked at Nestle, the leading global consumer company in varying roles including finance and purchasing.
Mr. Krol holds an MBA degree from INSEAD, Fontainebleau, France, and BA in Systems Engineering from MIREA Technical University, Moscow, Russia.
Andrei Petrov, Ph.D. has served as a member of our board of directors since August 2013. Dr. Petrov has been the Chief Scientific Officer of International Biotechnology Center Generium, a private scientific research and drug development company, since 2011, and the Chief Executive Officer of CJSC 'Kollectsiya,' a venture investment company, since 2013. From 2008 to 2011, Dr. Petrov served as Senior Scientist at CJSC Masterclone, a drug discovery and development company. Dr. Petrov has also served as a member on the board of directors of Affitech A/S since 2010, and as a member on the board of directors of co.don AG since 2012.
Philippe Van Holle, M.B.A. has served as a member of our board of directors since November 2014. He has more than three decades of marketing and sales experience in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries with a focus on product life cycle planning, resource deployment, and business and financial planning. From 2006-2014, Mr. Van Holle held multiple positions at Celgene Corporation including Chairman of International, President of EMEA, Head of Europe and, most recently, Senior Vice President of Human Resources. From 2000-2005, Mr. Van Holle served as Vice President at Genzyme in Northern Europe. He has also served as Executive Vice President of Planning at Pharming N.V., Vice President of Global Marketing at Baxter International, and Director of Marketing New Products and Vice President of Marketing at Amgen, Inc. Mr. Van Holle holds an M.B.A. from Cornell University.
Sander van Deventer, M.D., Ph.D. has served as a member of our board of directors since 2001. Dr. van Deventer has had a critical role in the development of the first commercial monoclonal antibody (Remicade) and the first gene therapy to be granted market authorization in the Western world (Glybera). He currently is a General Partner at Forbion Capital Partners and Professor of Translational Gastroenterology Leiden University Medical Center. He is a member of the Boards of Argos Therapeutics (Durham, USA), Uniqure (Amsterdam, The Netherlands), Cardoz (Stockholm, Sweden) gICare (Montreal, Canada) en Hookipa (Vienna, Austria).
Dr. van Deventer was trained as an internist and board vertified gastroenterologist, received doctorate of philosophy from the University of Amsterdam, worked as a scientist at Rockefeller University and became director of the laboratory for Experimental Internal Medicine at the Academic Medical Center in Amsterdam in 1995. In 1998 he co-founded Amsterdam Molecular Therapeutics (AMT; currently Uniqure), a gene therapy company that develops AAV-based gene therapy products. From 2001 until 2004, he chaired the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at the Academic Medical Center in Amsterdam. He has authored more than 500 peer review scientific papers, and supervised more than 40 PhD students.